Recent Longevity News for the seven days ending
You should consult your doctor if you are taking any medications.
evaluates relationship of urinary sodium with health outcomes - Science
Daily, 5/3/11 - "The assumption that lower
salt intake would in the long run lower blood
pressure, to our knowledge, has not yet been confirmed in longitudinal
population-based studies ... among 3,681 participants followed up for a median
(midpoint) 7.9 years, cardiovascular deaths decreased across increasing tertiles
(one of three groups) of 24-hour urinary sodium: from 50 deaths in the low
(death rate, 4.1 percent), 24 deaths in the medium, (death rate, 1.9 percent)
and 10 deaths in the high tertile (death rate, 0.8 percent). Analysis indicated
that the risk of cardiovascular mortality was significantly elevated in the low
tertile with a significant inverse association between cardiovascular mortality
and tertile of sodium excretion. Baseline sodium excretion predicted neither
total mortality nor fatal combined with nonfatal CVD events. ... The
associations between systolic pressure and sodium excretion did not translate
into less morbidity or improved survival. On the contrary, low sodium excretion
predicted higher cardiovascular mortality. Taken together, our current findings
refute the estimates of computer models of lives saved and health care costs
reduced with lower salt intake. They do also not support the current
recommendations of a generalized and indiscriminate reduction of salt intake at
the population level. However, they do not negate the blood pressure-lowering
effects of a dietary salt reduction in hypertensive patients"
study turns fat-loss/longevity link on its head - Science Daily, 5/3/11 -
"studied the effect of food
restriction on fat and weight loss in 41 genetically different strains of
mice. The scientists then correlated the amount of fat reduction to life span
... The answer: Mice that maintained their fat actually lived longer. Those that
lost fat died earlier ... People are best advised to adopt a moderate approach,
not losing all fat but definitely not keeping unhealthy amounts of fat, either
... None of the mice in this study were what we would consider to be obese"
Finds Low-Salt Diet Ineffective but Draws Criticism From C.D.C. - NYTimes.com
- NY Times, 5/3/11 - "At the moment, this study might
need to be taken with a grain of salt ... The investigators found that the less
salt people ate, the more likely they were to die of heart disease – 50 people
in the lowest third of salt consumption (2.5 grams of sodium per day) died
during the study as compared with 24 in the medium group (3.9 grams of sodium
per day) and 10 in the highest salt consumption group (6.0 grams of sodium per
day). And while those eating the most salt had, on average, a slight increase in
systolic blood pressure — a 1.71-millimeter increase in pressure for each
2.5-gram increase in sodium per day — they were no more likely to develop
hypertension ... One of the problems with the salt debates, Dr. Alderman said,
is that all the studies are inadequate" - Note: Some studies do
support this study but see my sodium page.
Most studies are the other way:
Cardiovascular Risk: Low Sodium Diets Might Be Worse Than High Salt Diets
- Science Daily, 5/15/08 - "Contrary to long-held
assumptions, high-salt diets may not increase the risk of death ... The
Einstein researchers actually observed a significantly increased risk of
death from cardiovascular disease (CVD) associated with lower sodium diets"
diet increases insulin resistance in healthy subjects - Metabolism. 2010
Oct 29 - "Low-salt (LS) diet activates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone
and sympathetic nervous systems, both of which can increase insulin
resistance (IR) ... Low-salt diet was significantly associated with higher
homeostasis model assessment index independent of age, sex, blood pressure,
body mass index, serum sodium and potassium, serum angiotensin II, plasma
renin activity, serum and urine aldosterone, and urine epinephrine and
norepinephrine. Low-salt diet is associated with an increase in IR. The
impact of our findings on the pathogenesis of diabetes and cardiovascular
disease needs further investigation"
A Study Shows Connections Between Maternal Exposure to BPA and Childhood Asthma
- Time Magazine, 5/2/11 - "At 6 months old, infants
whose mothers had high levels of BPA were twice as
likely to show wheezing as babies whose mothers who had low levels"
reduces the risk of cancer recurrence in prostate cancer patients, study
suggests - Science Daily, 5/2/11 - "After 10-years
from completion of treatment, 31% of the men who took
aspirin developed recurrence compared with 39%
of non-aspirin users (p=0.0005). There was also a 2% improvement in 10-year
prostate cancer related survival associated
with aspirin use with a trend toward statistical significance"
medications for depression increases costs, side effects with no benefit to
patients, study suggests - Science Daily, 5/2/11 -
"One group received escitalopram (a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, or
SSRI) and a placebo; the second group received the same SSRI paired with
bupropion (a non-tricyclic antidepressant); and a third group took different
antidepressants: venlafaxine (a tetracyclic antidepressant) and mirtazapine (a
serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor) ... After 12 weeks of treatment,
remission and response rates were similar across the three groups: 39 percent,
39 percent and 38 percent, respectively, for remission, and about 52 percent in
all three groups for response. After seven months of treatment, remission and
response rates across the three groups remained similar, but side effects were
more frequent in the third group ... Only about 33 percent of depressed patients
go into remission in the first 12 weeks of treatment with
antidepressant medication" -
Note: Considering that most know that they are getting the real drug
because of the side effects, it makes you wonder how much of the 33% are from
the placebo effect.
you start bone-building meds, try dietary calcium and supplements, experts urge
- Science Daily, 5/2/11 - "For many people, prescription
bone-building medicines should be a last resort ... adults who increase their
intake of calcium and
vitamin D usually increase bone mineral density
and reduce the risk for hip fracture
significantly ... I suspect that many doctors reach for their prescription pads
because they believe it's unlikely that people will change their diets ...
prescription bone-building medications are expensive, and many have side
effects, including ironically an increase in hip fractures and jaw necrosis.
They should be used only if diet and supplements don't do the trick ... For
bone health, the researchers also encourage
consuming adequate protein, less sodium, and more magnesium and potassium"
linked to high insulin resistance in diabetics - Science Daily, 5/2/11 -
"Among the diabetics,
poor sleepers had 23% higher blood glucose
levels in the morning, and 48% higher blood insulin levels. Using these numbers
to estimate a person's insulin resistance, the
researchers found that poor sleepers with diabetes had 82% higher insulin
resistance than normal sleepers with diabetes"
on the pounds in middle age linked to dementia - Science Daily, 5/2/11 -
"people who were overweight
or obese at midlife had an 80 percent higher risk of developing
Alzheimer's disease or vascular dementia in late life compared to people
with normal BMI"
with contaminated soap increases bacteria on hands, research finds - Science
Daily, 5/2/11 - "Bulk-soap-refillable dispensers, in
which new soap is poured into a dispenser, are the predominant soap dispenser
type in community settings, such as public restrooms. In contrast to sealed-soap
dispensers, which are refilled by inserting a new bag or cartridge of soap, they
are prone to bacterial contamination and several outbreaks linked to the use of
contaminated soap have already been reported in healthcare settings ...
Gram-negative bacteria on the hands of students
and staff increased 26-fold after washing with the contaminated soap"
method to measure cortisol could lead to better understanding of development of
common diseases - Science Daily, 5/2/11 - "Currently
the standard method to measure cortisol levels is to take a blood or saliva
sample. However, since cortisol is released in a circadian rhythm and with
pulses throughout the day, levels can fluctuate considerably, meaning it is
difficult to estimate an individual's long-term exposure to cortisol through
blood and saliva tests alone ... hair cortisol levels correlated positively with
waist to hip ratio (r=0.425, p=0.003) and waist circumference (r=0.392,
p=0.007), meaning people with higher exposure to cortisol showed higher
abdominal obesity ... measuring the amount of cortisol in hair can potentially
be used to monitor a person's long-term exposure to
vitamin D in kids may play a role in anemia - Science Daily, 5/1/11 -
"vitamin D deficiency may play an important role in
anemia ... looked at data
from the blood samples of more than 9,400 children, 2 to 18 years of age. The
lower the vitamin D levels, the lower the hemoglobin and the higher the risk for
anemia, the researchers found. Children with levels below 20 nanograms per
milliliter (ng/ml) of blood had a 50 percent higher risk for anemia than
children with levels 20 ng/ml and above. For each 1 ng/ml increase in vitamin D,
anemia risk dropped by 3 percent" - See
vitamin D products at iHerb.
or too little sleep may accelerate cognitive aging, study shows - Science
Daily, 5/1/11 - "women and men who begin sleeping more
or less than 6 to 8 hours per night are subject to an accelerated cognitive
decline that is equivalent to four to seven years of aging ... The researchers
also found that, in women, sleep duration of 7
hours of sleep per night was associated with the highest score for every
cognitive measure, followed closely by 6
hours of nightly sleep. Among men, cognitive function was similar for those who
reported sleeping 6, 7 or 8 hours; only short and long sleep durations of less
than 6 hours or more than 8 hours appeared to be associated with lower scores"
in brain -- target of class of diabetes drugs -- linked to weight gain -
Science Daily. 5/1/11 - "PPAR-γ is the target of a class
of diabetes drugs called TZDs (thiazolidinediones).
This class of drugs reduces blood glucose levels but also causes considerable
weight gain ... Seeley and his team set out to determine whether or not the
brain's PPAR-γ system was responsible for the weight gain associated with TZDs
... by giving TZD drugs in the same manner that people take them, rats gained
weight. This was because the drugs activated PPAR-γ in the brain. Thus, weight
gain associated with this class of drugs may not be a result of action of PPAR-γ
in fat as had been previously thought, but rather a result of a change in
activity in parts of the brain known to regulate appetite ... If you
artificially turn on PPAR-γ, you can increase food intake in rats ... If you
block these receptors in animals on high-fat diets that make animals obese,
animals gain less weight ... In the past, says Seeley, people thought that the
production of more fat cells in response to TZD drugs was the cause of the
resulting weight gain, but he adds, "Just having more fat cells is not enough to
make animals or people fatter. Rather you have to eat more calories than you
burn and that is exactly what happens when you turn on the brain PPAR-γ system"
Low Vitamin D Linked to Aggressive Breast Cancer - WebMD, 4/29/11 -
"Women in the study with triple-negative tumors, which
do not respond to hormone treatments, were almost three times more likely to
have suboptimal vitamin D levels as women with
other breast cancers"
Melatonin might help in controlling weight gain and preventing heart diseases
associated to obesity - Science Daily, 4/28/11 - "melatonin -a natural
hormone produced by the body- helps in controlling weight gain -even without
reducing the intake of food-, improves blood lipid profile -as it reduces triglicerids-, increases HDL cholesterol and reduces LDL cholesterol ...
analyzed in young Zucker diabetic obese rats the effects of melatonin on
obesity, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure associated to obesity. Melatonin
was found to be beneficial for young rats that had not still developed any
methabolic or heart disease" - See Source Naturals, Melatonin, Peppermint Flavored Sublingual, 1 mg, 300 Tablets at iHerb.
adolescents lacking vitamin D, study suggests - Science Daily, 4/28/11 -
"For this retrospective study, Harel and his co-authors explored the prevalence
of low vitamin D status among 68
obese adolescents, and examined the impact of
treatment of low vitamin D status in these patient ... low vitamin D status was
present in all of the girls (72 percent deficient and 28 percent insufficient)
and in 91 percent of the boys (69 percent deficient and 22 percent
insufficient). Of those with vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency, 43 patients
had a repeat measurement of vitamin D level after treatment. While there was a
significant increase in vitamin D levels following treatment, serum vitamin D
levels normalized in only 28percent of these patients. Repeat multiple courses
of vitamin D treatment in the patients who did not normalize their vitamin D
levels after initial course, failed to normalize their low vitamin D status ...
The researchers question whether a higher daily vitamin D intake than the one
recently recommended by the Institute of Medicine (600 international units of
vitamin D/day) may be required as part of treatment in obese adolescents, in an
attempt to increase their vitamin D status" - See
vitamin D products at iHerb.
E helps diminish a type of fatty liver disease in children, study suggests -
Science Daily, 4/27/11 - "Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most
common chronic liver disease among U.S. children. NAFLD ranges in severity from steatosis (fat in the liver without injury) to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or
NASH (fat, inflammation, and liver damage). Fatty liver increases a child's risk
of developing heart disease and liver cirrhosis ... after 96 weeks of treatment,
58 percent of the children on vitamin E no longer had NASH, compared to 41
percent of the children on metformin (a diabetes drug), and 28 percent on
placebo. Vitamin E was better than placebo because it significantly reduced
enlargement and death of liver cells ... These results suggest that vitamin E
improves or resolves NASH in at least half of children, which we previously
showed to be true in adults" - See
Jarrow FamilE (contains all eight members of the vitamin E family, includes Tocomin) at iHerb.
Increased metabolic rate may lead to accelerated aging - Science Daily,
4/27/11 - "higher endogenous
metabolic rate, that is how much energy
the body uses for normal body functions, is a risk factor for earlier
mortality .... This increased metabolic rate
may lead to earlier organ damage (in effect accelerated aging) possibly by
accumulation of toxic substances produced with the increase in energy turnover
... these data do not apply to exercise-related energy expenditure"
Abstracts from this week's Doctor's Guide Nutrition/Dietetics
plus abstracts from my RSS feeds (Click here
for the journals, the PubMed ones at the top):
Effect of High-Normal Blood Pressure and Low HDL Cholesterol on Mortality in an
Elderly Korean Population: The South-West Seoul (SWS) Study - Am J Hypertens.
2011 Apr 28 - "high-normal
blood pressure (HNBP) ... Study, a
prospective cohort study of 2,376 elderly Koreans, aged >60 years. Results
During the median follow-up of 7.6 years, 353 deaths occurred from all causes,
and 113 of these were attributed to CVD. Prehypertension was nonsignificantly
associated with an increased risk of mortality
(hazard ratio (HR): 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.68-1.64). Subjects
with HNBP exhibited a nonsignificantly higher risk of mortality compared with
those with optimal blood pressure by the ESH/ESC guideline (HR: 1.35, 95% CI:
0.84-2.18). However, the combination of low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)
cholesterol and HNBP showed a twofold higher risk of all-cause mortality (HR:
2.01, 95% CI: 1.11-3.64) independent of other risk factors. Conclusions Although
prehypertension was not associated with increased risk of mortality, individuals
in the elderly Korean population with HNBP, especially when combined with low
HDL cholesterol, showed a significantly increased risk of all-cause mortality"
Application of Bovine Colostrum Ameliorates Murine Colitis via Induction of
Immunoregulatory Cells - J Nutr. 2011 Apr 27 - "Herein, we addressed the
question whether bovine colostrum, the first milk produced by mammals, is able
to prevent dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice ... Following 2
wk of observation, the colons were removed for histologic and
immunohistochemical evaluation of inflammation. Flow cytometric phenotyping of
leukocyte subsets was performed from peripheral blood, mesenteric lymph nodes,
and spleens. Administration of bovine colostrum improved the clinical and
histologic severity of colorectal inflammation. Compared with BSA-fed and
water-fed controls, BV-20 pretreated mice had significantly less severe weight
loss and decreased colon shortening. Beneficial effects were accompanied by
redistribution of immunoregulatory, peripheral and splenic γδ TCR(+) cells, and
CD11b(+)Gr1(+) cells. Higher colostrum doses did not affect disease activity. In
summary, prophylactic administration of colostrum improved clinical symptoms of
colorectal inflammation in a well-established mouse model of DSS-induced
colitis" - See
colostrum products at iHerb.
Status and Neurological Outcome in Children at Age 5.5 Years Are Positively
Associated - J Nutr. 2011 Apr 27 - "Healthy
pregnant women from Spain,
Germany, and Hungary were randomly assigned to a dietary supplement consisting
of either fish oil (FO) (500 mg/d DHA + 150 mg/d EPA), 400 μg/d
5-methyltetrahydrofolate, both, or placebo from wk 20 of gestation until
delivery ... We conclude that higher DHA levels in cord blood may be related to
a better neurological outcome at 5.5 y of age" - See
Jarrow Max DHA at iHerb.
Polyphenols Provide Photoprotection, Increase Microcirculation, and Modulate
Skin Properties of Women - J Nutr. 2011 Apr 27 - "Dietary constituents
including polyphenols and carotenoids contribute to endogenous photoprotection
and modulate skin characteristics related to structure and function of the
tissue. Animal and in-vitro studies indicate that green tea polyphenols affect
skin properties. In a 12-wk, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 60 female
volunteers were randomized to an intervention or control group. Participants
consumed either a beverage with green tea polyphenols providing 1402 mg total
catechins/d or a control beverage. Skin photoprotection, structure, and function
were measured at baseline (wk 0), wk 6, and wk 12. Following exposure of the
skin areas to 1.25 minimal erythemal dose of radiation from a solar simulator,
UV-induced erythema decreased significantly in the intervention group by 16 and
25% after 6 and 12 wk, respectively. Skin structural characteristics that were
positively affected included elasticity, roughness, scaling, density, and water
homeostasis. Intake of the green tea polyphenol beverage for 12 wk increased
blood flow and oxygen delivery to the skin. Likewise, in a separate, randomized,
double-blind, single-dose (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 g) study of green tea polyphenols,
blood flow was maximized at 30 min after ingestion. In summary, green tea
polyphenols delivered in a beverage were shown to protect skin against harmful
UV radiation and helped to improve overall skin quality of women" - See
Jarrow Green Tea
extract at iHerb.
Epicatechin Promotes Survival of Obese Diabetic Mice and Drosophila melanogaster
- J Nutr. 2011 Apr 27 - "The lifespan of diabetic
patients is 7-8 y shorter than that of the general population because of
hyperglycemia-induced vascular complications and damage to other organs such as
the liver and skeletal muscle. Here, we investigated the effects of epicatechin,
one of the major flavonoids in cocoa, on
health-promoting effects in obese diabetic (db/db) mice (0.25% in drinking water
for 15 wk) and Drosophila melanogaster (0.01-8 mmol/L in diet). Dietary intake
of epicatechin promoted survival in the diabetic mice (50% mortality in diabetic
control group vs. 8.4% in epicatechin group after 15 wk of treatment), whereas
blood pressure, blood glucose, food intake, and body weight gain were not
significantly altered. Pathological analysis showed that epicatechin
administration reduced the degeneration of aortic vessels and blunted fat
deposition and hydropic degeneration in the liver caused by diabetes.
Epicatechin treatment caused changes in diabetic mice that are associated with a
healthier and longer lifespan, including improved skeletal muscle stress output,
reduced systematic inflammation markers and serum LDL cholesterol, increased
hepatic antioxidant glutathione concentration and total superoxide dismutase
activity, decreased circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 (from 303 ± 21 mg/L
in the diabetic control group to 189 ± 21 mg/L in the epicatechin-treated
group), and improved AMP-activated protein kinase-α activity in the liver and
skeletal muscle. Consistently, epicatechin (0.1-8 mmol/L) also promoted survival
and increased mean lifespan of Drosophila. Therefore, epicatechin may be a novel
food-derived, antiaging compound"
Low fish oil
intake improves insulin sensitivity, lipid profile and muscle metabolism on
insulin resistant MSG-obese rats - Lipids Health Dis. 2011 Apr 28;10(1):66 -
"The purpose of this study was to determinate the effect
of a lower dose of fish oil supplementation on insulin sensitivity, lipid
profile, and muscle metabolism in obese rats ... Low dose of fish oil
supplementation (1g/kg/day) was able to reduce TC and TG levels, in addition to
improved systemic and muscle insulin sensitivity. These results lend credence to
the benefits of n-3 fatty acids upon the
deleterious effects of insulin resistance
mechanisms" - See
Mega Twin EPA at iHerb
Jarrow Max DHA at iHerb.
of a DHA-containing functional food during pregnancy is associated with lower
infant ponderal index and cord plasma insulin concentration - Br J Nutr.
2011 Apr 27:1-5 - "DHA consumption during
pregnancy may be advantageous with
respect to infant body composition at birth and insulin sensitivity" - See
Jarrow Max DHA at iHerb.
Hemoglobin Predicts All-Cause, Cardiovascular, and Cancer Mortality in People
Without a History of Diabetes Undergoing Coronary Angiography - Diabetes
Care. 2011 Apr 22 - "The multivariable-adjusted hazard
ratios (HR) (95% CI) for glycated hemoglobin values
of <5.0, 5.0-5.4, 5.5-5.9, 6.0-6.4, 6.5-7.4, and ≥7.5% for all-cause
mortality were 1.36 (0.85-2.18), 1.00
(0.76-1.32), 1.00 (reference), 1.11 (0.88-1.41), 1.39 (1.07-1.82), and 2.15
(1.32-3.53), respectively. Similar J-shaped relationships were found between
glycated hemoglobin and cardiovascular and cancer mortality. The associations of
glycated hemoglobin with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality remained
significant after inclusion of fasting glucose as a covariate. However, fasting
glucose was not significantly related to mortality when adjusting for glycated
The effects of combination therapy with dutasteride plus tamsulosin on clinical
outcomes in men with symptomatic BPH: 4-year post hoc analysis of European men
in the CombAT study - Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2011 Apr 19 -
"Patients were randomised to daily
tamsulosin 0.4 mg,
dutasteride 0.5 mg or both
for 4 years ... Combination therapy significantly reduced the relative risk of
AUR or BPH-related surgery compared with either
monotherapy at 4 years, and also significantly reduced the risk of BPH clinical
progression. Combination therapy also provided significantly greater symptom
improvement than either monotherapy at 4 years. Safety and tolerability of
dutasteride plus tamsulosin was consistent with previous experience of this
combination and with the monotherapies. These data provide further evidence to
support the use of long-term combination therapy (dutasteride plus tamsulosin)
in men with moderate-to-severe lower urinary tract symptoms because of BPH and
stiffness is reduced beyond blood pressure lowering by short-term and long-term
antihypertensive treatment: a meta-analysis of individual data in 294 patients
- J Hypertens. 2011 Apr 23 - "meta-analysis of
individual data from 15 randomized, controlled, double-blind, parallel group
trials ... In the short-term and long-term trials, PWV decreased significantly
by -0.75 and -1.3 m/s in the active treatment group compared with by +0.17 and
-0.44 m/s in the placebo group, respectively. Active treatment was independently
related to the changes in PWV and explained 5 and 4% of the variance in the
short-term and long-term trials, respectively. In the short-term trials, ACEIs
were more effective than calcium antagonists and placebo on improving arterial
stiffness. In the long-term trials, ACEI, calcium antagonists, beta-blocker, and
diuretic reduced significantly PWV compared to placebo ... Our study shows that
antihypertensive treatments improve the
arterial stiffness beyond their effect on
Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) attenuates FFAs-induced peripheral insulin
resistance through AMPK pathway and insulin signaling pathway in vivo -
Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2011 Apr 21 - "free fatty acids (FFAs) ... This study
suggests the therapeutic value of EGCG in protecting from insulin resistance
caused by elevated FFAs" - See
green tea products at iHerb.
More info on homemade mayonnaise:
I mentioned a couple weeks ago about homemade olive oil mayonnaise as a way
to include omega-9 into your diet. I researched it some more and below is
what I found. safeeggs.com shows store locations that sell pasteurized
eggs but it appears that they are hard to find. I ended up pasteurizing
the eggs myself. Click here for the video and making the mayonnaise in a
As for pasteurizing, I used a roasting pan with a rack and filled the pan
with water and put it on top of a burner. For the temperature, I used a
Weber Thermometer. I had the burner on "warm". When the temperature
reached 130 degrees I put the eggs in and put the timer on 40 min. At
about 12 minutes remaining the water was at 140 and I turned off the burner.
At 4 minutes remaining the temperature was down to 132 so I put the burner back
to "warm". At the end of the 40 minutes the temperature of the water was
133 and I removed the eggs.
For the mayonnaise, ensure everything is at room temperature.
If you over whip or add the oil too quickly you end up with something that looks
like pea soup. This method might be tedious but it works every time. I
put 1/2 tablespoon lemon juice, 1/2 tablespoon white vinegar and one extra large
egg yoke (or two egg yokes if you're using smaller eggs) into the Cuisinart and
hit the pulse button once. Then I added one cup of extra light olive oil
but only one tablespoon at a time and after each tablespoon I hit the "pulse"
quickly four times. When that's done, I add a third teaspoon of Lite Salt
and hit the "pulse" one more time and it's done.
Homemade Mayo Using Home Pasteurized Eggs Recipe - Food.com -
off, set your eggs out until they become room temperature, about 2-3 hours,
then in a pot use enough water to completely cover your eggs. Using a candy
thermometer, bring your water to 160-165 degrees farenheit, place your eggs
in the water for 3 minutes, then remove and allow to cool back to room
temperature (all the other eggs you just pasteurized you can put in the frg),
once your eggs are room temperature, continue on to make your homemade
Mayonnaise ... Do not keep longer than 1 week if you did not pasteurize your
eggs, 4-6 weeks if using pasteurized eggs"
- Safest Choice™ Pasteurized Shell Eggs
- safeeggs.com - "The Safest Choice™ patented, all natural, award-winning
egg pasteurization process eliminates Salmonella in shell eggs before the
eggs even enter your kitchen. You can rest assured Safest Choice™
pasteurized shell eggs are Salmonella free. In fact, Safest Choice™ eggs
stay fresh longer because our warm-water egg pasteurization process
eliminates the bacteria that cause spoilage"
Homemade Mayonnaise, How To Make Mayonnaise, Julia Child Mayonnaise,
Homemade Mayonnaise Recipe, Making Mayonnaise, Easy Mayonnaise Recipe -
whatscookingamerica.net - "All the ingredients must be at room temperature.
If necessary, eggs may be immersed in warm water for 10 minutes to bring
them up to temperature before breaking them into the blender jar"
- Mayonnaise -
lwicker.myweb.uga.edu - "Since homemade
mayonnaise is uncooked, be sure to use the freshest eggs possible, and ones
that you are reasonably sure are free from
mayonnaise will last three to four days in the refrigerator"
Mayonnaise - two easy recipes for homemade mayonnaise plus a number of
variations - helpwithcooking.com - "Commercially produced mayonnaise
uses pasteurised eggs, which is why it can be stored in the refrigerator for
up to 6 months. Homemade mayonnaise can only be stored for 3 - 4 days, after
which it should be discarded to prevent any infection. Small children,
pregnant women and pensioners are particularly at risk with regards to
infection with salmonella"
Food in the News: What's the Deal with Pasteurized Eggs? | Apartment Therapy
The Kitchn - thekitchn.com - "Since eggs will start to cook around 145°,
pasteurization has to happen below this temperature. Most eggs are
pasteurized by holding them in a warm water bath between 130° and 140° for 5
- 45 minutes"
Homemade Mayonnaise - Recipe File - Cooking For Engineers -
cookingforengineers.com - "It should hold for half a week to a week"
Neat Tech Stuff / "How To's":
Health Focus (Colds/Flu):
reduces the burden of the common cold - Science Daily, 2/15/11 -
"In total, data from 15 trials, involving 1,360
people, were included. According to the results, zinc syrup, lozenges or
tablets taken within a day of the onset of cold symptoms reduce the severity
and length of illness. At seven days, more of the patients who took zinc had
cleared their symptoms compared to those who took placebos. Children who
took zinc syrup or lozenges for five months or longer caught fewer colds and
took less time off school. Zinc also reduced antibiotic use in children,
which is important because overuse has implications for antibiotic
resistance" - See
Jarrow Zinc Balance at iHerb
(taking zinc alone may cause a copper deficiency).
Biothera's beta-glucan ingredient may reduce cold/flu incidence - Nutra USA,
10/8/10 - "Only 10 percent of women receiving supplements of Biothera’s Wellmune
WGP branded ingredient reported upper respiratory tract infection symptoms, such
as sore throat, stuffy or runny nose, and cough, compared with 29 percent of
women in the control group" - See
beta-glucan products at iHerb.
Probiotics show potential against common cold: Study - Nutra USA 9/21/10 -
"daily consumption of Lactobacillus plantarum HEAL 9 (DSM 15312) and
Lactobacillus paracasei 8700:2 (DSM 13434) reduced the incidence of one or more
episodes of the common cold from 67 percent in the placebo group to 55 percent,
according to findings published in the European Journal of Nutrition ...
Furthermore, the number of days of symptoms for the cold was significantly
reduced in people taking the probiotic supplements, from an average of 8.6 to
6.2, compared with placebo ... the total symptom score was reduced during the
study period from a mean of 44.4 for the control group to 33.6 for the probiotic
group" - [Abstract] - See
probiotic products at iHerb.
Randomised, double-blind and placebo-controlled study using new probiotic
lactobacilli for strengthening the body immune defence against viral infections
- Eur J Nutr. 2010 Aug 28 - "The incidence of acquiring one or more common cold
episode was reduced from 67% in the control group to 55% in the probiotic group
(p < 0.05). Also, the number of days with common cold symptoms were
significantly (p < 0.05) reduced from 8.6 days in the control group to 6.2 days,
in the probiotic group, during the 12-week period. The total symptom score was
reduced during the study period from a mean of 44.4 for the control group to
33.6 for the probiotic group. The reduction in pharyngeal symptoms was
significant (p < 0.05). In addition, the proliferation of B lymphocytes was
significantly counteracted in the probiotic group (p < 0.05) in comparison with
the control group" - See
probiotic products at iHerb.
Vitamin D May Cut Risk of Flu - WebMD, 6/16/10 - "people who maintain
vitamin D blood levels of 38 nanograms per milliliter or more are less likely to
get viral infections such as flu than people with less in their blood ... Of 18
people who maintained that level during the study period, only three developed
viral infect ... But of the 180 other participants with less vitamin D in their
blood, 81(45%), did get sick with viral infections ... And those with higher
levels of vitamin D also experienced a marked reduction in the number of days
they were ill" - See
vitamin D products at iHerb.
the risk of infection in the elderly by dietary intake of yoghurt fermented
with Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1 - Br J Nutr.
2010 May 21:1-9 - "90 g yoghurt or drink 100 ml milk
once per d over an 8- or 12-week period. A meta-analysis of the results of
these two independent studies showed the risk of catching the common cold
was about 2.6 times lower (OR 0.39; P = 0.019) in the yoghurt group than in
the milk group and the increase of natural killer cell activity was
significantly higher in the yoghurt group than in the milk group" -
Yogourmet Electric Yogurt Maker at Amazon.com.
Vitamin D shows promise against seasonal ‘flu: Study - Nutra USA, 4/1/10 -
"daily supplements of vitamin D3 reduced the influence of seasonal ‘flu
(influenza A) by over 40 per cent ... The benefits of vitamin D supplementation
were even more noticeable in children who had low levels of vitamin D at the
start of the study, with a 74 per cent reduction in the incidence of ‘flu
observed" - [Abstract] - See
vitamin D products at iHerb.
Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation to prevent seasonal influenza A in
schoolchildren - Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Mar 10 - "Influenza A occurred in 18
of 167 (10.8%) children in the vitamin D(3) group compared with 31 of 167
(18.6%) children in the placebo group [relative risk (RR), 0.58; 95% CI: 0.34,
0.99; P = 0.04]. The reduction in influenza A was more prominent in children who
had not been taking other vitamin D supplements (RR: 0.36; 95% CI: 0.17, 0.79; P
= 0.006) and who started nursery school after age 3 y (RR: 0.36; 95% CI: 0.17,
0.78; P = 0.005). In children with a previous diagnosis of asthma, asthma
attacks as a secondary outcome occurred in 2 children receiving vitamin D(3)
compared with 12 children receiving placebo (RR: 0.17; 95% CI: 0.04, 0.73; P =
0.006)" - See
vitamin D products at iHerb.
hand sanitizers better than handwashing against the common cold? -
Science Daily, 3/24/10 - "Results showed that the
ethanol hand sanitizer removed approximately 80% of detectable rhinovirus
from hands and was much more effective than no treatment, water alone, or
soap and water. Soap and water removed rhinovirus from 31% of hands"
Hand sanitizer: How it protects you - CNN, 11/27/09 -
"up to 80 percent of all infections get spread by
hands ... Hand sanitizers are effective against both bacteria and viruses
... The sanitizer works on contact, meaning it's only effective on the parts
of your hands that it touches. That means if you miss a spot between your
fingers, there could still be viruses or bacteria in that place" -
Click here for Purell dispensers.
Previous seasonal flu infections may provide some level of H1N1 immunity
- Science Daily, 11/16/09 - "What we have found is
that the swine flu has similarities to the seasonal flu, which appear to
provide some level of pre-existing immunity. This suggests that it could
make the disease less severe in the general population than originally
feared ... "We found that the immune system's T cells can recognize a
significant percent of the markers in swine flu." T cells are
infection-fighting white blood cells in the body's immune system. "Nobody
knows what level of immunity is sufficient for protection. We do know that a
T cell response is not enough to prevent being infected by the virus. But,
if infected, our data suggests that T cells in those who have previously
been exposed to influenza may make the infection less severe," ... In a
normal flu season, influenza infects as much as 20 percent of the U.S.
population, causes more than 200,000 hospitalizations and kills about 36,000
Scientists Discover Influenza's Achilles Heel: Antioxidants - Science
Daily, 10/29/09 - "antioxidants -- the same
substances found in plant-based foods -- might hold the key in preventing
the flu virus from wreaking havoc on our lungs"
Probiotics may reduce cold and 'flu symptoms for children - Nutra USA,
7/30/09 - "A daily supplement of Lactobacillus and
Bifidobacterium strains may reduce the incidence of cold and 'flu-like
symptoms in children by 50 per cent ... A combination of the two strains was
linked to reductions in fever incidence by 73 per cent, a reduction in the
occurrence of runny noses by 59 per cent, and drop in the incidence of
coughing by 62 per cent" - [Abstract]
probiotic products at iHerb.
Probiotic Effects on Cold and Influenza-Like Symptom Incidence and Duration
in Children - PEDIATRICS Vol. 124 No. 2 August 2009, pp. e172-e179 -
"Relative to the placebo group, single and
combination probiotics reduced fever incidence by 53.0% (P = .0085) and
72.7% (P = .0009), coughing incidence by 41.4% (P = .027) and 62.1% (P =
.005), and rhinorrhea incidence by 28.2% (P = .68) and 58.8% (P = .03),
respectively. Fever, coughing, and rhinorrhea duration was decreased
significantly, relative to placebo, by 32%" - See
probiotic products at iHerb.
Certain Zinc-based Cold Remedies Linked To Loss Of Sense Of Smell, FDA Says
- Science Daily, 6/18/09 - "The FDA has received
more than 130 reports of loss of sense of smell associated with the use of
these three Zicam products" - Seems like Zicam has been around over
ten years and at least 20 million people must have used it by now.
130/20,000,000 = 0.0000065 or one chance in 154,000. Seems like it
could have been due to chance. People worried about those odds might
not want to drive to work. 36,000 people in the U.S. die from the flu
each year (360,000 in ten years). Maybe the reduction in flu severity
provided by the Zicam would have been enough to save 130 of them.
Sometimes I think the FDA gets carried away. We've probably had more
problems with peanut allergies so maybe peanuts should be outlawed.
Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to Colds - WebMD, 2/23/09 -
"those with the lowest vitamin D levels (less than
10 nanograms per milliliter of blood) were 36% more likely to report having
a recent upper respiratory tract infection than those with higher levels (30
ng/mL or higher) ... people with asthma with the lowest vitamin D levels
were five times more likely to have had a recent respiratory infection.
Among those with COPD, recent respiratory infections were twice as common
among those with lowest vitamin D levels" - See
vitamin D products at iHerb.
Good Night’s Sleep Puts Colds to Bed - WebMD, 1/12/09
Substance Found In Fruits And Vegetables Reduces Likelihood Of The Flu -
Science Daily, 0/3/08 - "Mice that exercised and
took quercetin had nearly the same rate of illness as those that did not
exercise. In other words, quercetin canceled out the negative effect of
stressful exercise ... Although this study was done with mice, a recent
human study found that people who took quercetin suffered fewer illnesses
following three days of exhaustive exercise compared to those who did not"
quercetin products at iHerb.
Honey Relieve Cough in Children? - Medscape, 5/8/08 -
"On a 6-point scale, subjects who received honey
reported an average improvement of 1.89 points in cough frequency, compared
with 1.39 points for DM subjects and 0.92 points for "no treatment"
subjects. Parental assessment of the child's sleep improved by 2.49 points
for honey patients, by 1.79 points for DM patients, and by 1.57 points for
no treatment patients"
Reduces Common Cold Symptoms - Medscape, 4/17/08 -
"The participants took one zinc acetate lozenge
containing 13.3 mg of zinc or placebo every 2-3 hours while awake ... The
average duration of cold symptoms (including cough, nasal discharge, and
muscle ache) was significantly shorter in the zinc group (4.0 days) than in
the placebo group (7.1 days) ... By day 4, 56% of the zinc group had
complete resolution of their colds, whereas none of the placebo group was
free of cold symptoms on day 4"
Probiotic Cuts Respiratory Illness Rates In Endurance Athletes, Study
Suggests - Science Daily, 2/18/08 - "The
probiotic Lactobacillus substantially cuts the rate and length of
respiratory illness in professional long distance runners ... athletes
taking the probiotic had less than half the number of days of symptoms of
their colleagues taking the placebo ... Respiratory symptoms while taking
Lactobacillus lasted 30 days compared with 72 days while taking the placebo"
USA] - See my favorite
Garden of Life Primal Defense HSO Probiotic Formula at iHerb.
Honey May Soothe Kids' Coughs - WebMD, 12/3/07 -
"Honey ranked highest, followed by dextromethorphan, and the placebo was in
last place in terms of cough relief ... honey's slim lead over
dextromethorphan may have been due to chance"
Study: Echinacea Cuts Colds by Half - WebMD, 6/26/07
Lancet: Echinacea does fight colds - USA Today, 6/25/07 -
"the popular herbal supplement echinacea cuts the
chance of catching a cold by 58% and can reduce the duration of colds by
about a day and a half" - See
Echinacea products at iHerb.
May Lower Cold Risk - WebMD, 10/26/06
The prophylactic and therapeutic effectiveness of zinc sulphate on common
cold in children - Acta Paediatr. 2006 Oct;95(10):1175-81 -
"Compared to the placebo group, the
zinc group had shorter mean duration of cold symptoms and decreased total
severity scores for cold symptoms"
out may help prevent colds, flu - MSNBC, 1/17/06 -
"moderate amounts of aerobic
exercise such as jogging, brisk walking and cycling during the cold and flu
season boost the body’s defenses against viruses and bacteria"
Immune-Enhancing Role of Vitamin C and Zinc and Effect on Clinical
Conditions - Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 2006;50:85-94 -
"These trials document that adequate
intakes of vitamin C and zinc ameliorate symptoms and shorten the duration
of respiratory tract infections including the common cold"
Good for Colds? - WebMD, 11/7/05
Workers On Daily Probiotics Less Likely To Take Time Off Sick - Science
Daily, 11/7/05 - "workers who took a
daily dose of the probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus reuteri were 2.5 times
less likely to take sick leave than workers who took a placebo"
Anti-cold, Anti-flu Product Cuts Recurrent Colds By More Than Half, Study
Shows - Science Daily, 10/25/05
Ginseng for Gesundheit? Latest Study on Colds - WebMD, 10/24/05 -
"one in 10 people in the ginseng
group reported having two or more colds that winter, compared with about 23%
of those taking the placebo ... Colds lasted about 11 days for the ginseng
group and 16.5 days for the placebo group"
Effect of a dietary supplement containing probiotic bacteria plus vitamins
and minerals on common cold infections and cellular immune parameters -
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2005 Jul;43(7):318-26 - "These data indicate that the intake
of a dietary supplement containing probiotic bacteria plus vitamins and
minerals during a period of at least three months in winter/spring may
reduce the incidence and the severity of symptoms in common cold infections
in otherwise healthy adults. This may be due to stimulated cellular
Vitamin C May Not Fight the Common Cold - WebMD, 6/28/05
Resveratrol could prevent ‘flu epidemics - Nutra USA, 5/24/05
Boost In Immune Response Fights Common Cold - Science Daily, 4/24/05 -
"Nursing facility residents who
consumed 200 International Units (IUs) of vitamin E daily for one year were
less likely to get the sniffles than those who took a placebo ... those who
took the moderate supplements were 20 percent less likely to contract upper
respiratory infections, such as colds"
- Efficacy of Zinc Against the Common Cold Virus - Medscape, 11/23/04 -
"Clinical trial data support the value of zinc in reducing the duration and severity of symptoms of the common cold when
administered within 24 hours of the onset of common cold symptoms"
- Vitamin E May Prevent Common Cold - WebMD, 8/17/04 -
"Participants in the vitamin E group who completed the study had significantly fewer common colds
and a 20% lower risk of acquiring a cold than those in the placebo group"
- Bugged by a Bad Cold? - Dr. Weil, 5/24/04
- The Herbal Way To Keep Flu at Bay - WebMD, 12/12/03 -
""Astragalus is an immune-enhancing herb to ward off flu," Weil says ... I also use a
mushroom product called Host Defense, an extract of seven mushrooms ... I think it is useful to be on a good multivitamin, multimineral supplement" - See
iHerb Host Defense products.
- Positive Attitude Fights the Common Cold - WebMD, 7/22/03
- New Weapon Against Colds? - Dr. Weil, 7/8/03
- Vitamin C May Fight Colds After All - WebMD, 3/12/03 -
"12 healthy subjects who took one gram of
vitamin C a day for two
weeks showed a boosted immune system response during that time ... in two of them, the response to vitamin C took place within five hours ... this might mean that taking a vitamin C tablet at the first sign of a cold could achieve an effect quickly enough to ward off that cold"
- Zinc Spray Shortens Colds - Physician's Weekly, 1/27/03 -
"Zicam, an over-the-counter nasal spray, cuts the length of a cold by anywhere between 1.5 to 3
days, according to a new study from The Cleveland Clinic Foundation" - See See drugstore.com Zicam products.
- Zinc Spray Shortens Colds - WebMD, 1/7/03 -
"patients using Zicam, an over-the-counter nasal spray, cut the length of their colds an average of 1.5 days compared with those
treated with a placebo. However, some patients slashed their cold duration in half -- from six days to only three" - See Zicam at drugstore.com
- Soothing Sore Throat? - Dr. Weil, 12/6/02
- Zinc Gluconate Reduces Cold Duration And Frequency In Children - Doctor's Guide, 11/14/02 -
"Subjects taking the zinc gluconate glycine lozenges
[Cold-Eeze] showed shorter cold duration than non-users: 7.5 and 9.0 days respectively. Further, 4.1 percent of those taking the lozenge needed concomitant antibiotics compared to 36.2 percent of non-users.
Prophylaxis with the lozenge reduced the median annual number of colds from 1.3 in non-users to 0.0 among the lozenge users" - I've got that via my drugstore.com affiliate. See Cold-Eeze.
Now might be a good time to stock up on Zicam so that you can use it at the
first symptoms of a cold.
- Exercise, Supplements Boost Flu Shots - WebMD, 10/3/02
- Exercise May Reduce Risk Of Colds - Intelihealth, 8/26/02
- Alternative Remedies for Fighting a Cold - WebMD, 2/27/02 -
"chicken soup not only helps break up nasal congestion, but many recipes include garlic, which has antibiotic
properties ... Drink plenty of water ... help to clear the sinuses ... most cough syrup was extracted from the bark of the wild cherry tree ... garlic, ginger, and goldenseal. These herbs and spices have antiviral, antiseptic, or antibiotic properties ..."
- Natural cures for the common cold? - CNN, 2/13/01 -
"a zinc nasal spray called Zicam, showed very promising results in a study of 213 patients published in ENT, the Ear,
Nose and Throat journal. Symptoms were reduced by as much as 75 percent." - see Zicam
- Zinc Halts Colds - Nutrition Science News, 11/00
- Science Finally Shows What Grandma Knew All Along - WebMD, 10/17/00
- Immunity-Building Supplements May Be Crucial For This Year’s Cold And Flu Season
- Vitacost, 10/11/00
- Zinc Lozenges Cut Cold Duration in Half, Study Shows - WebMD, 8/14/00
- Natural Substance Fights the Flu in Mice - WebMD, 4/17/00
- Supplementing your cold defenses - CNN, 11/4/99
- A Shield of Immunity - Nutrition Science News, 9/99
- Echinacea vs. the Common Cold - Nutrition Science News, 8/99
- Zinc Lozenges Ineffective In Treating Cold Symptoms In Children - Doctor's Guide, 6/23/98
- Winning the Cold War: The Latest Scientific Findings on Fighting the Sniffles and Sneezes - Think Muscle Newsletter
Antibiotics May Make Fighting Flu Harder - Science News, 3/14/11 -
"Iwasaki and her colleagues treated mice for a month
with four antibiotics commonly given to people with bacterial infections,
then infected the rodents with the flu. Antibiotic treatment impaired the
mice’s ability to make an important flu-fighting molecule called
interleukin-1 beta or IL-1 beta, the researchers found. IL-1 beta is
necessary to combat influenza and other viruses ... Gut bacteria are
constantly priming the immune system to make IL-1 beta, keeping the immune
system vigilant against the flu and other viruses ... Some Lactobacillus
bacteria, on the other hand, are known as “friendly” gut bacteria and may
play a role in virus defense. Mice treated with an antibiotic called
neomycin, which wipes out most types of Lactobacillus bacteria while leaving
Sphingomonas bacteria alone, have a hard time fighting the flu" -
Note: It seems to be a common misconception of nearly everyone I know
that if you've got a bad case of the flu you need to go to a doctor and get
antibiotics when in reality, it probably slows recovery.
H1N1 Swine Flu Deadly to the Young - WebMD, 10/20/09 -
"In a normal flu season, 90% of deaths are in
elderly people. Since September, 90% of deaths have been in people under age
65 -- with almost a quarter of the deaths in young people under age 25"
Attenuated Flu Vaccine May Be Less Effective Than Inactivated Flu Vaccine
- Medscape, 9/24/09 - "the inactivated influenza
vaccine (injection) was more effective than the live attenuated vaccine
(intranasal spray) in preventing laboratory-confirmed symptomatic influenza
A (mostly H3N2) in healthy adults"
back the flu much better than spray - msnbc.com, 9/23/09 -
"In a study of nearly 2,000 healthy adults during a
recent flu season, standard shots were twice as effective against regular winter
flu as the newer nasal spray" - Note: For what it's worth, I
read or viewed somewhere that the shot contains dead viruses and the spray
contains weakened viruses.
2 Easiest Ways to Catch Swine Flu - WebMD, 9/18/09 -
"Having a sick person cough directly into your face
... That gives you more than a 50% chance of getting sick ... Touching
something contaminated with flu virus and then touching your nose, mouth, or
eyes with your unwashed hand gives you a 31% chance at getting sick"
may have immunity to swine flu - msnbc.com, 9/17/09 -
"Researchers believe seniors have a partial immunity
to swine flu because of exposure to similar viruses in their lifetimes. It
is a rare bit of good news before the start of the regular flu season, which
generally kills 36,000 people a year, most of them elderly"
Swine Flu: How Long Are You Infectious? - WebMD, 9/15/09 -
"On the eighth day after symptoms struck, 8% to 19%
were still shedding live H1N1 virus ... The second study ... showed that 80%
were still shedding virus after five days of illness, 40% at seven days, and
10% at 10 days"
Vaccination Of 70 Percent Of US Population Could Control Swine Flu Pandemic
- Science Daily, 9/10/09 - "An aggressive
vaccination program that first targets children and ultimately reaches 70
percent of the U.S. population would mitigate pandemic influenza H1N1 that
is expected this fall"
of Influenza Vaccination of Nursing Home Staff on Mortality of Residents: A
Cluster-Randomized Trial - J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Aug 4 -
"Influenza vaccine was administered to volunteer
staff after a face-to-face interview ... Staff influenza vaccination rates
were 69.9% in the vaccination arm versus 31.8% in the control arm. Primary
unadjusted analysis did not show significantly lower mortality in residents
in the vaccination arm (odds ratio=0.86, P=.08), although
multivariate-adjusted analysis showed 20% lower mortality (P=.02), and a
strong correlation was observed between staff vaccination coverage and
all-cause mortality in residents (correlation coefficient=-0.42, P=.007). In
the vaccination arm, significantly lower resident hospitalization rates were
not observed, but ILI in residents was 31% lower (P=.007), and sick leave
from work in staff was 42% lower" - Note: I keep hearing people
say it's not worth it to get the flu shot. The way I look at it, the
most likely cause of dying from the flu would be being exposed to a virus
that is very different than what you've been exposed to in the past. I
feel that the more flu shots you've had in the past, the lower the chances
of that happening. I mentioned before about a virus that I got in
Australia that I though would kill me but it's a good example.
It's got nothing to do with flu shots but it was probably a virus that
nearly killed me from neck cancer
that may have been prevented by the HPV vaccine. Something to think
about for people foreign things like the flu shot.
Breakthrough Flu Drug Stops Pandemic, Seasonal Flu - WebMD, 2/23/09
Mask-wearing Significantly Boosts Flu Protection - Science Daily,
Doorknobs and TV Remotes Are Germ Hotbeds - InteliHealth, 10/28/08 -
"Someone in your house have the sniffles? Watch out
for the refrigerator door handle. The TV remote, too. A new study finds that
cold sufferers often leave their germs there, where they can live for two
days or longer"
Vaccines Can Reduce Respiratory Problems By Up To 3/4 - Science Daily,
The Flu Virus Is More Infectious In Cold Winter Temperatures - Science
Daily, 3/30/08 - "At winter temperatures, the
virus’s outer covering, or envelope, hardens to a rubbery gel that could
shield the virus as it passes from person to person ... At warmer
temperatures, however, the protective gel melts to a liquid phase. But this
liquid phase apparently isn’t tough enough to protect the virus against the
elements, and so the virus loses its ability to spread from person to
Antibiotics No Help for Sinus Cold - WebMD, 3/13/08
Learn self-care home remedies to ease your cold symptoms - WebMD,
FDA Panel Says Cold Drug Is Effective - WebMD, 12/14/07
Why Flu Spreads in Winter - WebMD, 10/19/07
FDA Approves a Second Drug for the Prevention of Influenza A and B in Adults
and Children - Doctor's Guide, 3/29/06
How do you fight off colds? - USA Today, 1/22/06
discourage use of cough medicine - MSNBC, 1/9/06 -
"Over-the-counter cough syrups
generally contain drugs in too low a dose to be effective, or contain
combinations of drugs that have never been proven to treat coughs"
Health Tip: Preventing The Flu - CBS Chicago, 12/9/04
- Flu Vaccine Helps Despite Mismatched Strains - WebMD, 8/12/04
- Do Cough Medicines Work in Kids? - WebMD, 7/6/04
- Cough Medicines Appear No Better than Non-Medicated Placebo Syrup for Children's Coughs - Doctor's Guide, 7/6/04
- Beating the flu: A spray or a shot? - MSNBC, 9/23/03
- Flu Vaccination Cuts Coronary Deaths - Doctor's Guide, 9/5/03
- FluMist (Influenza Virus Vaccine Live, Intranasal) Now Available in US - Doctor's Guide, 9/2/03
- FDA Approves FluMist Nasal Mist Influenza Vaccine - Doctor's Guide, 6/18/03
- New Drug [pleconaril] May Prevent the Common Cold - WebMD, 5/1/03
- Study: Flu Shots Prevent Heart Disease - Intelihealth, 4/3/03
- Flu Shots Cut Hospitalization in Elderly - WebMD, 4/2/03
- FDA Approves Avelox (Moxifloxacin HCl) For Community Acquired Pneumonia Due To Penicillin-Resistant Streptococcus Pneumoniae - Doctor's Guide, 3/4/03
- Amoxicillin/Sulbactam Effective, Well Tolerated In Treatment Of Community Acquired Pneumonia - WebMD, 3/3/03
- Many Parents Don't Know Cold Facts - WebMD, 2/3/03
- Death by Flu Too Common Among Elderly - WebMD, 1/7/03
- Carpets and Sleeping Arrangements Affect Flu Incidence in Dorms - Doctor's Guide, 10/22/02
- Acetylsalicylic Acid (ASA) Effective for Pain Associated with Common Cold - Doctor's Guide, 8/21/02
- Flu Vaccine Good For All Adults, Not Just Elderly Or Ill - Intelihealth, 8/20/02
- Air Pollution Adds To Illness - Intelihealth, 7/24/02
- Prophylaxis with Oseltamivir Helps Stop Home Outbreaks of Influenza - Doctor's Guide, 3/6/02
- Good News in Flu Fight [Relenza, Tamiflu] - WebMD, 2/27/02
- Flu Shots May Be Healthy for the Economy, Too - WebMD, 2/27/02
- Cough Medicine Effective - WebMD, 2/8/02
- New Intranasal Flu Vaccine, Nasalflu, Safe and Effective in Children - Doctor's Guide, 12/18/01
- Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) Prophylaxis Reduces The Transmission Of Influenza In Families - Doctor's Guide, 12/18/01
- New Drug [pleconaril] Shortens Cold Symptoms - WebMD, 12/18/01
- Pneumococcal Vaccine Reduces Carriage Of Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Is Well Tolerated by Young Children - Doctor's Guide, 12/17/01
- Pneumococcal Vaccine Together With Haemophilus Influenzae Vaccine Safe and Effective in Infants - Doctor's Guide, 12/17/01
- Picovir (Pleconaril) Relieves Symptoms of Viral Colds up to One Day Faster than Placebo - Doctor's Guide, 12/17/01
- Inflexal Vaccine Appears to Reduce Transmission of Influenza in Families - Doctor's Guide, 12/17/01
- Influenza Antiviral Tamiflu (oseltamivir phosphate) Reduces Spread of Flu in Families - Doctor's Guide, 12/17/01
- Remedy for common cold [pleconaril] could arrive next fall - USA Today, 12/17/01
- FDA Approves Biaxin XL (Clarithromycin) For Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Doctor's Guide, 8/6/01
- Telithromycin Effective For Treating Atypical Community Acquired Pneumonia - Doctor's Guide, 7/3/01
- Telithromycin Effective For Treating Pneumococcal Pneumonia - Doctor's Guide, 7/3/01
- Sitafloxacin Well Tolerated In Treatment For Pneumonia, May Show Similar Efficacy To Imipenem - Doctor's Guide, 4/10/01
- One Shot Keeps Bacterial Pneumonia at Bay, Ask Your Doctor About the Pneumococcal Vaccine - WebMD, 4/3/01 -
"We know pneumonia is the No. 1 cause of death from infectious disease in
the U.S. ... The vaccine isn't perfect; it can't prevent every single case. However, right now it is being grossly underutilized"
- Study Suggests Antibiotics Little Help For Children's Sinus Infections - Intelihealth, 4/2/01
- New Flu Drug Warning -- Watch Out for Breathing Problems, Relenza Linked to Patient Deaths in Some Cases, Says Maker - WebMD, 7/10/00
- Study Shows Tamiflu (Oseltamvir) Helps Children Get Better Faster - Doctor's Guide, 2/19/01
- FDA Approves Antiviral Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) For Children - Doctor's Guide, 12/15/00
- The Flu: Is It More Dangerous Than We Thought? - WebMD, 11/22/00
- FDA: Daily pill can prevent, not just treat, flu - CNN, 11/21/00
- FDA OKs Daily Pill for Prevention of the Flu - WebMD, 11/20/00
- FDA Approves Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) To Help Prevent Influenza - Doctor's Guide, 11/20/00
- Flu Treatment Also May Prevent the Illness - WebMD, 11/1/00
- 'Ouchless' Flu Prevention? Drugs Already on Shelves May Work - WebMD, 10/18/00
- Cold or Flu? New Test Helps Doctors Make the Call - WebMD, 10/18/00
- Early Treatment With Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) Reduces Total Duration Of The Flu - Doctor's Guide, 9/18/00
- Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) Successfully Fights Respiratory Infection in Immunocompromised Patients - Doctor's Guide, 5/9/00
- Oseltamivir Reduces Flu Severity and Duration In Adults - Doctor's Guide, 2/22/00
- Expert Evaluates New Drugs - Doctor's Guide, 2/21/00
- FDA Tells Physicians: Remember Therapeutic Considerations Before Prescribing New Flu Drugs - Doctor's Guide, 1/13/00
- Steering clear of air cabin cold viruses - CNN, 12/16/99
- Tamiflu Reduces Duration Of Flu By One-Third - Doctor's Guide, 11/9/99
- Tamiflu Safe, Effective In Preventing Flu In Elderly, High-Risk Patients - Doctor's Guide, 9/27/99
- Common Cold Caused By Multiple Viruses - Doctor's Guide, 2/2/98
- Evidence Shows That Social Relationships Build Resistance To Colds - Doctor's Guide, 6/25/97
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